Skin Conditions

Sunburn happens when skin is exposed to sunlight too long, redness may develop and increase for up to 24 hours. A severe sunburn causes skin tenderness, pain, swelling, and blistering. Additional symptoms like fever, chills, upset stomach, and confusion indicate a serious sunburn and require immediate medical attention.

Photo of a Sunburn on shoulder

It is an acute cutaneous inflammatory reaction that follows excessive exposure of the skin to ultraviolet radiation (UVR). UVR exposure can come from a variety of sources, including sun, tanning beds, phototherapy lamps, and arc lamps. There are long-term adverse health effects of repeated exposure to UVR. Sunburn is generally classified as a superficial or first-degree burn.


  • In most cases, prehospital care involves providing simple first aid to treat patient symptoms.
  • In severe cases, patients may develop second-degree burns, which could require aggressive fluid resuscitation and skin care.
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Dr. Timothy Jochen Medical Director, Contour Dermatology and Cosmetic Surgery Center
Dr. Jochen specializes in Mohs Surgery for skin cancer removal, facial rejuvenation including cosmetic laser technology, Botox® and facial fillers, soft tissue augmentation, leg and facial vein treatment, tumescent liposuction and hair restoration/transplants.

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