What are Bed Bugs?

We’ve Got a New Rejuvenating Filler to Tell You About

Bed bugs (Cimex lectularius) are a species of blood sucking parasites, that get their name from their tendency to infest bedding.

Bed bugs

What are Bed Bugs?

Bed bugs

We’ve Got a New Rejuvenating Filler to Tell You About

Bed bugs (Cimex lectularius) are a species of blood sucking parasites, that get their name from their tendency to infest bedding.

Description of a Bed Bug

These red/brown arthropods are mostly active at night, and leave a rash consisting of small, itchy, red dots, that are often arranged in a line, or cluster. This rash is difficult to distinguish from other insect bites, does not always appear following a bite, and is only rarely severe. Repeated exposure to bed bugs can sensitize the skin to their bites, and can result in the appearance of bullous (fluid filled) lesions – a sign of an allergic reaction.

Don’t be too Concerned About Bed Bugs

Bed bug bites are not serious, and do not cause any long-term damage. There are no known diseases spread by bed bugs, and the greatest risk bed bugs carry is that the wounds they leave might become infected, much as any open wound may become infected.

Treatment Options for Bed Bugs

If an infection occurs, it can be easily treated by topical antibiotic cream. The uncomfortable itching these bites cause, may be treated with a topical corticosteroid such as hydrocortisone or an antihistamine, such as diphenhydramine.

However, the most important “treatment” for bed bugs is to eliminate the infestation. This can be achieved through the use of pesticides, such as dichlorvos, pyrethroids, and malathion. Before you use any pesticide, be sure that it is approved for use with any infants or pets in the house.

Putting bedding in the dryer at high heat can remove the infestation from sheets and blankets, but to be effective ALL sleeping material must be treated, including the mattress, and in some cases carpeting and clothing as well. Fully eradicating a bed bug infection without professional help is challenging.

Spotting a Potential Infestation

Bed bugs, which were nearly eradicated in developed countries, are becoming more common. It is theorized that this is due to the development of pesticide resistance. These parasites are more common in beds that are shared, such as those found in hostels and hotels. Unfortunately, it is difficult to visually inspect a bed for bed bugs. Large infestations, however, can be spotted by the appearance of small black fecal spots and a characteristic smell.

18 Jul: Cellulitis

Cellulitis is an infection of the deeper subcutaneous layers of the skin with a classic set of signs and symptoms including redness, pain, and warmth, and swelling. (The picture of cellulitis affecting a person’s left leg above shows the redness and swelling, as well as evidence of a bandaged wound on the great toe.)

18 Jul: Cutanea Larva Migrans

Cutanea larva migrans is skin condition caused by infection with a parasitic worm.

29 Dec: Chancroid

Chancroid is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the organism Haemophilus ducreyi – a bacteria. The hallmark of this disease is an exquisitely painful ulcer on the genitals.

20 Jan: EEK! Bed Bugs! Prevention and Treatment Options

Best of Both Worlds with Dr. Timothy Jochen and Jackie – Today’s discussion: bed bugs!! Find out how these creepy crawlers effect your skin.

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Dr. Timothy Jochen Medical Director, Contour Dermatology and Cosmetic Surgery Center
Dr. Jochen specializes in Mohs Surgery for skin cancer removal, facial rejuvenation including cosmetic laser technology, Botox® and facial fillers, soft tissue augmentation, leg and facial vein treatment, tumescent liposuction and hair restoration/transplants.

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